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Grammatica Inglese Verbo essere to be

grammatica inglese verbo to be londra

Il verbo essere in inglese si traduce con TO BE.

  • Forma AFFERMATIVA: Soggetto + TO BE + complemento (Es: Mark is American.)
  • Forma NEGATIVA: Soggetto + TO BE + NOT + complemento (Es: Mark is not American.)
  • Forma INTERROGATIVA: TO BE + soggetto + complemento (Es: Is Mark American?)
  • Forma INTERROGATIVA-NEGATIVA: forma contratta di BE/ NOT+ soggetto + complemento (Es: Isn't Mark American?).

Simple Present


FORMA PER ESTESO

Affermativa Negativa Interrogativa Interrogativa
Negativa
I am I am not Am I...? Am I not...?
You are You are not Are you...? Are you not...?
He is He is not Is he...? Is he not...?
We are We are not Are we...? Are we not...?
You are You are not Are you...? Are you not...?
They are They are not Are they...? Are they not...?

FORMA CONTRATTA

Affermativa Negativa 1 Negativa 2 Interrogativa
negativa
I'm I'm not Aren't I...?
You're You're not You aren't Aren’t you…?
He’s not He isn’t
We are We are not Are we...? Are we not...?
You are You are not Are you...? Are you not...?
She’s not She isn’t Isn’t he…?
He’s It’s not It isn’t
She’s Isn’t she…?
It’s Isn’t it…?
We’re We’re not We aren’t Aren’t we…?
You’re You’re not You aren’t Aren’t you…?
They’re They’re not They aren’t Aren’t they…?

Attenzione! La forma estesa viene usata prevalentemente nella lingua scritta. La forma contratta di Am I not…? usata nel parlato è Aren’t I…?




Simple Past


FORMA PER ESTESO

Affermativa Negativa Interrogativa Interrogativa
Negativa
I am I am not Am I...? Am I not...?
I was I was not Was I...? Was I not…?
You were You were not Were you…? Were you not…?
He was He was not Was he…? Was he not…?
She was She was not Was she…? Was she not…?
It was It was not Was it…? Was it not…?
We were We were not Were we…? Were we not…?
You were You were not Were you…? Were you not…?
They were They were not Were they…? Were they not…?

FORMA CONTRATTA

Negativa Interrogativa
negativa
I wasn't Wasn't I...?
You weren’t Weren’t you…?
He wasn’t Wasn’t he…?
She wasn’t Wasn’t she…?
It wasn’t Wasn’t it…?
We weren’t Weren’t we…?
You weren’t Weren’t you…?
They weren’t Weren’t they…?

Il Past Participle di TO BE è been (“stato”).

Questa grammatica è a cura di Raffaele Nardella, insegnante di lingua inglese presso il Liceo "Salvador Allende" di Milano

 
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